Your teeth are at risk because of Gum disease. It began with the buildup of patch and tartar on your teeth, which may have resulted from insufficient brushing and flossing. Over time, the plaque and tartar have caused loss of the surrounding tissue around some of your teeth.
When patch builds up on a tooth, bacteria in the patch attack the bone around the tooth as well as the fibers, which connect the tooth to the bone. As the fibers and bone are destroyed, a pocket or space forms between the gum and the tooth- an ideal site for more patch to build up. Without proper hygiene, the process may continue, sometimes without symptoms, until the tooth is endangered.
This surgical procedure is used by the periodontist to smooth / correct defects and irregularities in the bone surrounding the diseased teeth with the ultimate goal of eliminating spaces around teeth.
Do not let the word “Surgery” scare you except in complex cases.
Once the area is made numb with local anesthesia, gums are raised so that we can visualize the amount and type of bone loss. We can also visualize tartar that may be attached to the roots.
We, then remove the tartar and scoop out the diseased tissue from the bone defects. This infected material / tissue is basically responsible for the progression of your gum diseases. Next, we use hand instruments called Curettes to smoothen your root surfaces.
Once the bone defects are re-shaped and your root surfaces are cleaned, the gum is placed back in its original position and stitches are placed.
Postoperative instructions are then given to teach you how to take care of the area so that as little discomfort will take place as possible.
Gum pocket and bone irregularity before surgery.
Gum is exposed for access to the bone and root.
Bone irregularities are removed.
Gum tissue is sutured back around the tooth.
After healing, the gum is tightly “sealed” around the tooth.
Post Procedure Instructions
Periodontal surgery has evolved with newer techniques and materials advancing the art and science of dentistry.
REGENERATION is a present concept where the tissues that are lost due to periodontal disease are reconstructed to a certain extent using newer and advanced techniques.
As you have learned, you may be prone to gum diseases that require constant and careful attention. Like other chronic diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension and asthma, there is no permanent cure. Gum surgery helps control disease and prevents further destruction to the gums and bone, thereby minimizing tooth loss. Regular check-ups would ensure tooth loss is further minimized.